The Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development Mission Yojana was announced by the Finance Minister of India Shrimati NIrmala Sitharaman in the budget 2023-2024. The PM PVTG Development Scheme also known as PM PVTG Mission is for the development and upliftment of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups of the Country. The PM PVTG Development Mission is announced to benefit the PVTG group who otherwise remain secluded from the mainstream.
PM PVTG Development Mission At a Glance
|Scheme Name||PM PVTG Development Mission|
|Announced On||February 1, 2023|
|Beneficiaries||Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)|
|Purpose||To Improve Socio-Economic Conditions of PVTGs|
|Financial Outlay||Rs 15000 Crore over next 3 Years|
|Official Website||To be launched|
About PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group)
The Government of India has notified Scheduled Tribe or SC category to benefit the tribal community of the country through various social welfare programs. The PVTG or the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group are those group that are within the scheduled tribe but their lifestyle and customs are such that they become secluded from the mainstream and hence benefits of welfare programs of the Government has not fully reached among this community.
The PVTGs have some specific characteristics such as a stagnant or declining population, low literacy rate, pre agricultural technology use, economic backwardness, distinctive culture, geographical isolation, and hostility towards the regular people.
Primitive Tribal Groups were identified by the Dhebar Commision in 1973. These groups were less developed among the tribal. In 1975 Government of India has identified Primitive Tribal Groups as a separate category and declared 52 groups to be PTGs. Again, in 2006 GOI has changed the name of PGTs to PVTGs. There are a total of 75 PVTGs (census 2011) in the country.
The categorisation of the groups are done by the Ministry of Home Affairs. The provisions for the development of tribal groups are already thought and are present in the Indian Constitution such as in Schedule 5 and Schedule 6 of the Indian Constitution. Government of India has launched several schemes for their development such as Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana, Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 etc. The PM PVTG Development Mission is another step in achieving the goal of last mile development of the country.
Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development Mission Benefits
There are many benefits in the PM PVTG Development mission ranging from basic essential features to their holistic development. Some of them are:
- Availability of Clean Drinking Water
- Awareness on eating Nutritious Food
- Access to Healthcare
- Access to Education like Model Eklavya School. Under this, the FM informed that there will be recruitment of 38,800 teachers and support staff for 749 Eklavya Model Residential Schools servicing 3.5 lakh tribal students
- Sustainable Livelihood
- It will benefit 3.5 lakh Tribals present in the country.
- Provision of basic amenities.
- Safe Housing
- Availability of roads, telecom etc.
Implementation through Various Ministries
More than two Ministries may get involved in the implementation of the PM PVTG Development Mission. Some of them are:
- Ministry of Rural Development
- Ministry of Water Resources
- Ministry of Education
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- Ministry of Women and Child Development.
The PVTGs are those groups among the tribals that are more vulnerable and demand more support from the Government. They are the ones that remain secluded and have traditional practices in many areas of their lives. In order to saturate the community with socio-economic benefits the idea of Panchsheel of Tribals must be followed which states that their rate of development must match with their own ways and they catch up the developmental process at their own pace.
FAQ PM PVTG Development Mission
What is PM PVTG Scheme
PM PVTG is a scheme for the upliftment of Particulary Vulnerable Tribal Groups of the Country announced in the Budget 2023-2024.
What is the Budget Outlay of PM PVTG Development Mission
The budget outlay for the scheme is Rs 15000 Crore for the next 3 Years.
How many PVTGs are identified in the country
There are a total of 75 PVTGs identified in India as of now.
Which state of India has no Scheduled Tribe
Haryana and Punjab has no scheduled tribes population
Which state has the highest ST population
Odisha has the highest ST population.