BPSC stands for Bihar Public Service Commission. It is also called as Bihar State Civil Services. Article 320 and 321 of the Constitution of India prescribes for the formation of the State Public Service Commissions. Although BPSC conducts many exams of different skill sets but the civil service exam conducted by the commission is the most famous one. Therefore, in regular language people refer to the civil service examination conducted by the state as BPSC.
In reality BPSC is the commission that conducts this examination. It select applicants for civil services in the Indian State of Bihar according to the merits of the applicants. The commission has approximately 1600 staffs. It was founded, 72 years ago on 1 April 1949. You can visit its official website at: https://www.bpsc.bih.nic.in or https://onlinebpsc.bihar.gov.in/
What are the Posts by BPSC examination | What is BPSC Job
BPSC civil service examination recruits for various Posts. All posts are respectable and gives the candidate an opportunity to serve the state with a decent salary after selection. Some of the key Posts are as under:
- Bihar Administrative Service or BAS
- Bihar Police Service
- Bihar Finance Service
- Bihar Education Service
- Assistant Director Social Service
- Rural Development Officer
- Assistant Tax Commissioner
- Block Panchayat Officer
- Labour Enforcement Officer
- Municipal Executive Officer
- Revenue Officer
- Election Officer
- Supply Inspector
- Jail Superintendent
- Child Development Project Officer or CDPO (a separate exam for this post)
- Prashakha Padadhikari in Bihar Legislative Assembly
Salary Structure of BPSC
Salary structure of BPSC civil service posts are divided into two categories: Level 7, and Level 9. Level 9 posts pay more salary than that of level 7 posts. Generally, in-hand salary of a fresh recruit under Level 9 is Rs 60000 to Rs 70000 and that of level 7 is from Rs 48000 to Rs 56000.
This salary is an approx estimate and can vary according to the place of posting and various other salary components. The salary increases as the officer jumps higher up in the hierarchy by promotions as per seniority.
Exam Pattern of BPSC
BPSC civil Service Exam is conducted in three stages:
Prelims is a single day examination of 2 hrs duration. For the past years it has been seen that the timing is generally between 12 noon to 2 PM. In this, a single objective type paper is given which consists of 150 questions. History, Current Affairs, Science and Bihar Special Questions have more weightage as per the trend analysis of the previous years questions.
Other areas from where questions come are Geography, Polity, Economic Planning, Agriculture, and Mathematics. Generally, 10 questions are given from Maths and Reasoning combined.
Each question has five options, four fact based statements and fifth one is More than one/ None of the above. There is no negative marking in the Prelims Examination. A Score of above 100 was considered safe for qualifying the Prelims for a General Category candidate before the 66th BPSC examination, but in 66th BPSC, (the lastest examination that was conducted by the commission) the cutoff was 108.
Mains Examination is conducted for those candidates who have qualified in the Prelims. Unlike the Prelims exam, the Mains examination is of subjective essay type .There are four papers in the Mains Examinations:
- Paper-1 General Studies
- Paper-2 General Studies
- Paper-3 Optional
- Paper-4 Qualifying language Paper.
General Studies-1 consists of History, Current Affairs and Statistics.
General Studies-2 consists of Polity, Geography, Economics and Science and Technology
Paper-3 is optional paper in which the candidate has a choice of selecting any one subject out of 34 given optional subjects. The Subjects are:
- Political Science and International Relations (PSIR)
- Labour and Social Welfare
- Hindi Language and Literature
- Maithili Language and Literature
- Public Administration
- Persian Language and Literature
- Arabic Language and Literature
- Pali Language and Literature
- English Language and Literature
- Urdu Language and Literature
- Bangla Language and Literature
- Sanskrit Language and Literature
- Mechanical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
There are two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) of any one Optional Subject.
The qualifying paper is that of Hindi. This paper is of 100 marks in which 30 is the qualifying marks.
The mains is of 900 marks in total. GS paper 1 is 300 marks, GS-2 is 300 marks and Optional is 300 marks that adds up to 900 in total. The duration of each paper is of 3 hrs.
Interview is the final stage of the examination. It consists of 120 marks. Candidates who clears the cutoff and qualifies the Mains examination are called for an Interview at the BPSC office situated in Bailey Road, Patna.
Finally, the marks of Mains and Interview is added and a merit list is released and candidates who secures the marks above the cutoff are declared selected.