With an emphasis on the significant themes and challenges that have affected the nation’s growth over the centuries, the book “Themes in Indian History” offers a thorough coverage of Indian history. The three sections of the book are titled Ancient, Medieval, and Modern India. The Indus Valley Civilization, the rise and fall of the Mauryan and Gupta Empires, the diffusion of Buddhism and Hinduism, and the effects of foreign invasions on Indian civilization are the topics covered in the first section of Indian Civilization and Culture Class 12.
Indian Civilization and Culture Class 12 Topics
The following content is given in this ancient history boook of NCERT in topic-wise format:
- Theme One- Bricks Beads and Bones: The Harappan Civilisation.
- Theme Two- King, Farmers and Towns: Early States and Economies (c 600 BCE- 600 CE).
- Theme Three- Kinship, Caste and Class: Early Societies (c 600 BCE- 600 CE).
- Theme Four- Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings: Cultural Developments (c 600 BCE- 600 CE).
- Theme Five- Through the Eyes of Travellers: Perception of Society (c tenth to seventeenth century).
- Theme Six- Bhakti Sufi Traditions: Changes in religious beliefs and devotional texts. (c eighth to eighteenth century).
- Theme Seven- An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara (c fourteenth to sixteenth century).
- Theme Eight- Peasents, Zamindars and the State: Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire. (c sixteenth to seventeenth centuries).
- Theme Nine- Kings and Chronicles: The Mughal Courts. (c sixteenth to seventeenth centuries).
- Theme Ten- Colonialism and the Countryside. Exploring Official Archives.
- Theme Eleven- Rebels and the Raj: 1857 Revolt and its representations.
- Theme Twelve- Colonial Cities: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture.
- Theme Thirteen- Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement. Civil Disobedience and Beyond.
- Theme Fourteen- Understanding Partition: Politics, Memories and Experiences.
- Theme Fifteen: Framing the Constitution: The Beginning of a New Era
Indian Civilization and Culture Themes Summary
One of the oldest and most diversified civilizations and cultures in the world is that of India. One of the earliest known urban civilizations dates around 3300 BCE is the Indus Valley Civilisation. India has a diverse and rich cultural past that has been impacted by many different religions, traditions, and languages. The four main religions evolved and practised in India are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. India is renowned for its vibrant festivals and classical forms of theatre, music, and dance.
One of the richest and most diversified collections of ancient sculpture and art in the world is found in India. The Indus Valley Civilization is where the earliest representations of Indian art have been found. Numerous seals and figurines showing humans, animals, and deities have been found there. Beautiful sculptures, paintings, and frescoes were produced during the Gupta era, which lasted from the fourth through the sixth centuries CE. This is known as the “golden age” of Indian art. Religion had a significant impact on Indian art, and many of the sculptures and paintings include Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain deities.
Indian Civilization and Culture Class 12 Pdf
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Around 3300 BCE, the Indus Valley saw the rise of a diversified and sophisticated culture known as ancient India. One of the earliest urban civilizations in history, the ancient Indus Valley Civilization was distinguished by complex urban design, well-organized drainage systems, and a script that is still being translated today. India has witnessed the rise and collapse of numerous dynasties over the years, notably the Mauryan and Gupta dynasties. Among the primary religions practised in ancient India were Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. The nation was also renowned for its vibrant festivals and unique art forms.
The transition from ancient to medieval India was marked by several significant developments in politics, society, and culture. The Gupta Empire, which had been a major force in India during the ancient period, declined in the 6th century CE, leading to a period of political fragmentation and instability.
The rise of Islam in the 8th century CE also had a significant impact on Indian society, leading to the establishment of several Islamic dynasties, including the Delhi Sultanate. These dynasties introduced new cultural and religious practices to India, including Sufi mysticism and the construction of magnificent mosques and mausoleums. The medieval period also saw the development of vernacular languages such as Hindi, Tamil, and Bengali, which played a significant role in the rise of regional cultures and identities. Overall, the transition from ancient to medieval India was a complex and dynamic process, marked by both continuity and change.
Indian Civilization and Culture Class 12 Questions and Answers
In Mesolithic context evidence of animal domestication has been found at?
In Mesolithic context evidence of animal domestication has been found at Adamgarh.
From which of the following sites bone implements have been found?
Bone implements have been found from Mahadaha and Sarai Nahar Rai.
The cultivation of cereals first started in?
The cultivation of cereals first started in Neolithic Age.
The main source of knowledge about the inhabitants of Indus Valley Civilisations is the discovery of?
The main source of knowledge about the inhabitants of Indus Valley Civilisations is the discovery of Seals. More than 3000 seals were found from the excavations.
The earliest evidence of silver in India is found in the?
The earliest evidence of silver in India is found in the Harappan Culture.
The Great Bath was found from the Indus Valley civilisation at?
The Great Bath was found from the Indus Valley civilisation at Mohenjodaro.
Dadheri is a late Harappan site of?
Dadheri is a late Harappan site of Punjab.
Rangpur where the contemporary of Harappan Civilisation was found in?
Rangpur where the contemporary of Harappan Civilisation was found in Saurashtra.
Which place is known as a Harappan Port?
Lothal is known as a Harappan Port.
Lothal is situated in?
Lothal is situated in Gujarat.
For clothing cotton cultivation was first introduced in?
For clothing cotton cultivation was first introduced in India around 3000 BCE.
Trayi is a name for?
Trayi is a name for Three Vedas.
The famous dialogue between Nachiketa and Yama is mentioned in?
The famous dialogue between Nachiketa and Yama is mentioned in Kathopanishada.