Districts of Bihar

In various examinations of the state in which Bihar Special GK has been asked, like BPSC, Bihar SI etc information based on Bihar Districts are asked frequently. Therefore, you must know the details discussed in this post, so that you will be able to answer those questions. Also, for the people of Bihar, this information will raise your awareness about your state. In this post you have been provided major details about Bihar’s Districts in a short and simple way. Read Carefully.

Bihar Districts

Bihar Districts List

Bihar has a total of 38 (Thirty Eight) districts. The latest addition in the list of districts is Arwal which is carved out of Jehanabad. The list of districts is as follows:

Sr. No.District Name
2. Arwal
3. Aurangabad
7. Bhojpur
10.East Chamaparan
38.West Champaran

Bihar Districts Important Details

In this section important Details of all the 38 districts of Bihar has been given:

Araria District

  • Araria is a North Eastern District of Bihar.
  • It shares boundary with Nepal in the North.
  • It has an Area of 2830 Sq Kms.
  • It has a total population of 28,11,569.
  • It has SC Population of 2,20,148 and ST Population of 20819.
  • It has 9 Blocks and 2 Subdivisions.
  • Agricultural produce from Araria is Paddy, Maize and Jute.
  • Jute Mills are present in Araria.
  • Kosi, Suwara, Kali and Koli Rivers flows through the district.
  • The Subdivision Forbesganj of Araria is named after Alexander John Forbes, a District Commissioner during the British Era.
  • Vehicle Registration No. Starts with BR-38.
  • Majority of People speak Maithili Language in Araria.
  • Gangetic Dolphins are found in the rivers of Araria.
  • Some famous people who are from Araria are Phaniswar Nath Renu, a writer of Hindi Literature and Subrat Roy Sahara, Chief of the Sahara Group.

Arwal District

  • Arwal is a southern District of Bihar.
  • It is carved out comprising of areas from Jehanabad and Aurangabad Districts.
  • It has an Area of 634.23 Square KMs.
  • It has a total population of 700843.
  • It has 1 Nagar Parishad, 5 Blocks, 65 Gram Panchayats and 315 Revenue Villages.
  • Agricultural produce from Arwal District is Paddy, Maize and Wheat.
  • The District has 282 Primary School, 187 Middle School, 39 High School and 3 colleges.
  • Vehicle Registration for Arwal District is BR-56.
  • Majority of People speak Magahi language in Arwal.
  • The District is situated on the right bank of Son River.
  • Key People from Arwal includes Tariq Anwar, Minister and Akhilesh Prasad Singh, Minister.

Aurangabad District

  • Aurangabad is the Southern District of Bihar.
  • It has an Area of 3305 sq, Kms.
  • It has a total population of 2,540,073.
  • Aurangabad is also called as Chittorgarh of Bihar.
  • It has 2 Subdivisions and 11 Blocks.
  • Agricultural produce from Aurangabad District is Paddy, Wheat and Lentils.
  • Vehicle Registration Number for Aurangabad District is BR-26.
  • Majority of People in Aurngabad District Speak Magahi Language.
  • Blanket Weaving and carpet businesses are practised in Aurangabad.
  • Sone, Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar Aadi rivers flow through the district of Aurangabad.
  • Important Personality from Aurangabad is the Indian Freedom Fighter and Bihar Vibhuti Doctor Anugrah Narayn Sinha.

Banka District

  • Banka is the Southeastern District of the Bihar State.
  • It shares boundary with the Jharkhand State.
  • The famous Mandar Hills are situated in the Banka District.
  • Vehicle Registration Number for Banka District is BR-51.
  • The district has an area of 3020 Sq Kms.
  • There are 2 Municipal corporations, 11 Blocks and 2111 villages in the District.
  • The total population of the district is 20,34,763.
  • Banka is a place of religious importance for both Hinduism and Jainism. The sacred Mandar Parat on which the manthan was done is located in the district.
  • The district is also known as the rice bowl of Bihar.
  • Major crops are rice, wheat, lentils and corn.
  • River chandan flows through Banka.
  • 64 Kms of the total of 105 Kms route of kanwariyas during the Shravani mela, lies in the Banka District in which kanwariyas offer Gangajal to Lord Shiva in Deoghar Jharkhand.
  • The homemade Khadi and Silk products are famous in the area.

Begusarai District

  • Begusarai District lies to the northern side of the river Ganges lies centrally in Bihar.
  • The district lies 124 Kms from the capital city Patna.
  • It is also known as the industrial capital of the state.
  • The district has an area of 1918 Sq Kms.
  • The total population of the district is 18,14,773.
  • The district has 5 subdivisions, and 18 blocks.
  • Kanwar Jheel, the first Ramsar Site of Bihar lies in the Begusarai District.
  • The famous Barauni Refinery of Indian Oil Corporation is situated in the district that contributes to the Economy of the district.
  • Apart from the refinery there are industries such as Fertiliser, Thermal and Petrochemicals.
  • The main agricultural produce from the district is Wheat, Maize, chilli and pepper.
  • Simaria Mela, a fair of devotional importance is celebrated in Simaria village of Begusarai District.
  • Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Famous Hindi and Maithili Poet was born in Begusarai.
  • Rivers Ganga, Kamla, Burhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga flows through or near to the district.

Bhagalpur District

  • Bhagalpur District is a southeastern District of the Bihar State.
  • Jharkhand State lies to the east of the district.
  • The District has an area of 2570 Sq. Kms.
  • The District has a total Population of 50,61,575
  • It is located on the banks of River Ganga.
  • It is also known as the Silk city.
  • The district has 3 subdivisions Bhagalpur, Kahalgaon and Naugachia.
  • It consists of 16 blocks.
  • The agricultural produce from the district comprises Rice, Wheat, Maize, Barley, Lentils.
  • Tusser Silk Factory has a presence in the District.
  • There is a thermal power station at Kahalgaon.
  • There is a Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Santuary situated in Bhagalpur District which is home to Gangetic Dolphins, the National Auatic Animal of India.
  • Garuda Bird also known as Greater Adjunct rescue and rehabilitation centre is also located in the district.
  • Few Places to see in the district are:
    • Budhanath Temple
    • Sri Champapur Digambar Jain Temple.
    • Vikramshila Mahavihar
    • Maharshi Mehi Ashram
    • Vikramshila Gangetic Sanctuary
    • Bateshwarnath Mahadev
    • Ajgaibinath Mahadev
    • Jayprakash Udyan
    • Mahasya Deori
    • Tetri Durga Mandir
    • Baharampur Durga Mandir
    • Jama Masjid, Champanagar
    • Saint Benedict Church
    • Khanqah-e-Shahbazia
  • Mansa Pooja and Kali Pooja also known as Behula Bishri and Kali Pooja at Rati Kalibari respectively are also celebrated in the state.
  • Tilka Manjhi University is famous University in the area after the name of Tilka Manjhi who was a great Indian Freedom fighter from the area.

Bhojpur District

  • Bhojpur District lies to the western side of the Capital Patna.
  • Ara or Arrah is the administrative headquarter of the Bhojpur District.
  • Bhojpur Name is taken from King Bhoj of Parmara Dynasty.
  • The district lies 53 KMs (approx) from the Patna.
  • There are 3 Subdivisions in the district: Ara Sadar, Jagdishpur and Piro.
  • There are 14 Blocks in the District.
  • The district has an area of 2474 Sq Kms.
  • The total population of the district is 2,728,407.
  • The district is a part of erstwhile Shahabad district which gets bifurcated in the year 1972. Bhojpur and Rohtas were carved out of Shahabad District in that year.
  • The District has a literacy rate of 72.79%.
  • The main agricultural produce from the district is Wheat, Maize and Paddy and Gram.
  • Rivers Sone and Ganga flows through the district.
  • Perennial Rivers that flows through the district are Kumhari, Cher, Banas, Gangi.
  • Veer Kunwar Singh who fought against the Britishers during the revolt of 1857 belongs to the district.
  • Other Famous personalities who contributed to political and administrative sphere of the country belonged to the district are Sacchidanand Sinha, Babu Jagjeevan Ram, Meira Kumar, Bhuvaneswar Pd Sinha.
  • Some important personalities of the district who contributed to the field of Academia are Vasisht Narayan SIngh, Shivpoojan Sahay, Amitav Kumar.
  • People associated with the district who contributed to the entertainment industry of the country are Vinay Pathak, Neeraj Pandey, Pawan SIngh.

Buxar District

  • Buxar district also lies to the western side of the capital Patna.
  • The district lies to the southwestern part of Bihar.
  • Administrative headquarter of Buxar district is Buxar town.
  • The area of the district comes under Buxar Sadar and Dumraon Subdivision of the old Bhojpur district.
  • The district came into existence in 1991.
  • In the west of the Buxar district lies Ballia and Gazipur districts of Uttar Pradesh.
  • In the north of the Buxar district lies Ballia of UP.
  • In the south of Buxar district lies Rohtas district of Bihar.
  • And in the east of Buxar lies Bhojpur District.
  • The district has 2 subdivisions and 11 blocks.
  • The two subdivisions are Dumraon and Buxar Sadar.
  • In Dumraon subdivision 7 blocks are there and in Buxar Sadar sub division 4 blocks are there.
  • The 4 blocks in Buxar Sadar sub division are Itarhi, Buxar, Chausa, Rajpur.
  • The 7 blocks of Dumraon Subdivision are Nawanagar, Dumraon, Brahmpur, Kesath, Chakki, Chogain, Simri.
  • The district comprise of 1624 square metres of area.
  • River Ganga forms the northern boundary of the district.
  • River Karmnasa joins river Ganga near Chousa, Buxar.
  • Wheat, Paddy, Maize and Sugarcane are major agricultural produce of the district.
  • The total population of the district as per census 2011 is 17.06 Lakhs or 1,706,352.
  • Rice and Oil mills, soap industry, timber and furniture products has presence in the district.
  • Majority of the people in the district are engaged in agriculture.
  • Bhojpuri and Hindi languages are spoken widely in the district.
  • The famous battle of Buxar was fought in 1764 between English East India Company and Emperor of India Shah Alam II, Mir Qasim and Nawab of Awadh.
  • The battle of Buxar was a turning point in the history of India from where Britishers have started establishing their supremacy in India.
  • Sage Vishwamitra Hermitage was situated in the district.
  • It is also said that Chaitra Van where Tadaka lived and later killed by Lord Rama is situated in the Buxar district.
  • The famous Shehnai Vadak and Bharat Ratna Recipient Bismillah Khan belong to the Buxar district.

Darbhanga District

  • Darbhanga district lies to the Northern region of Bihar.
  • It is the fifth largest city of the state.
  • Up until 1875, Darbhanga was a part of Tirhut while it was ruled by the British.
  • Darbhanga is sometimes referred to as the Heart of Mithilanchal.
  • Darbhanga district came into existence in 1875.
  • It is the administrative centre for both the Darbhanga division and district.
  • In the west of the Darbhanga district lies Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi districts of BIhar.
  • In the North of the Darbhanga district lies Sitamrhi and Madhubani districts of BIhar.
  • In the East of the Darbhanga district lies Madhubani and Saharsa districts of BIhar.
  • In the South of the Darbhanga district lies Samastipur district of BIhar.
  • Darbhanga district has an area of 2279 Sq Kms.
  • The District has a total Population of 39,21,971.
  • It has a population density of 1101 Sq Kms.
  • The sex ratio of Darbhanga is 910.
  • Maithili, Hindi and Urdu are the most widely spoken languages of the district.
  • The district consists of three sub-divisions: Darbhanga Sadar, Benipur, and Biraul.
  • There are 18 blocks in the Darbhanga District.
  • There are 324 Gram Panchayats in the district.
  • The District has a 4% literacy rate.
  • The district has a medical college named as Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital.
  • Bihar’s second AIIMS is coming up in Darbhanga District.
  • Darbhanga also has Kameshwara Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, L.N. Mithila University Kameshwar Nagar Darbhanga, C.M. College, Darbhanga, etc.
  • In terms of agricultural produce Darbhanga produces paddy, Mango, Fish and Makhana which is a GI tagged product of the Bihar state.
  • Some of the prominent Tourist attraction of Darbhanga is Shyama Temple, Manokamna Temple, Kankali Temple, Kila of Darbhanga Mahraj, Nargauna Palace, Kueshshwar Asthan Temple, Ahilya Asthan and Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary.
  • Some technical institutes of Darbhanga are Darbhanga Engineering College, Women Institute of Technoloty, and Govt. Ploytechnic.
  • Important industry that has some presence in Darbhanga are Makhana Processing, Paper Mill, Handloom and Sugar Factory.
  • Darbhanga Airport started in the year 2020. Commercial Flights are available from the airport.
  • Some important personalities from Darbhanga are Raja Kameshwar SIngh, first female fighter pilot of India Bhawana Kanth, actor Sanjay Mishra, Professor HC Verma, Bollywood Director Imtiaz Ali, Cricketer Kiti Aazad and many more.

More districts to be added soon….

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