In the Mains Examination of BPSC students have to give an optional paper. This optional paper has been made a qualifying paper in which candidates have to score a minimum marks only after which other papers will be checked. BPSC has given a list of almost 34 subjects from which candidates have to chose only one subject as his/her optional subject. Geography is one among them. In this post you will know about BPSC Geography Optional Syllabus. The Geography optional syllabus is divided into two sections- Section-1 and Section-2.
BPSC Geography Optional Section- 1
Principles of Geography:
Part- A Physical Geography
- Geo-morphology – Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust: earth movements and plate tectonics; volcanism; cycle of erosion.- Davis and Penck; fluvial, glacial, arid and karst land-forms; rejuvenated and polycyclic land- forms.
- Climatology: – The atomosphere, its structure and composition; air masses and fronts; cyclones and related phenomena; climatic classification; koeppon and Thornthwait; groundwater and hydrological cycle.
- Soils and vegetation- Soil genesis, classification and distribution: ecological aspects of savanna and monsoon forest biomes.
- Oceanography: – Ocean bottom relief. Relief of Indian Ocean floor. Salinity. currents and tides; ocean deposits and coral reefs.
- Ecosystem. – Ecosystem concept, Man’s impact on the ecosystem, global ecological imbalances.
Part B Human and Economic Geography
- Development of Geographical Thought: – Contributions of European and British Geographers, determinism and possiblilism; Dualism in Geography, quantitative and behavioural revolutions in geography.
- Human Geography- Emergence of man and races of mankind cultural evolution of man; major cultural realms of the world; international migrations, past and present; world population-distribution and growth; demographic transition and world population.
- Settlements Geography: – Concepts of rural and urban settlements, Organs of Urbançation; Rural settlement patterns; city classifications; urban spheres of influence and the rural urban fringe, the internal structure of cities; problems of urban growth in the world.
- Political Geography:- Concepts of nation and state; frontiers, boundaries, and buffer zones; concept of heartland and rimland; federalism.
- Economic Geography.- World economic development-measurement and problems; concept of resources, world resources, their distribution and global problems; world energy crisis; and limits to growth; world agriculture-typology and world agricultural regions; theory of agricultural location, world industry-theory of location of industries; world industrial patterns and problems; world trade and world trade patterns.
BPSC Geography Optional Section- 2
Geography of India
Physical Aspects: – Geological history, Physiography and drainage systems; orign and mechanism of the Indian monsoon, soils and vegetation.
Human Aspects – Tribal areas and their problems; population distribution, density and growth; population problems and policies.
Resources – Conservation and utilçation of land mineral water biotic and marine resources; ecological problems and their management.
Agriculture – Irrigation intensity of cropping, crop combinations, green revolution, agricultural land use policy, Rural economy-Animal husbandry, social forestry and household industry.
Industry: – History of industrial development; factors of location study of mineral based, agro-based and forest- based industries, industrial complexed and industrial regionalisation.
Transport and Trade – Study of the network of roadways railways, waterways, intra and inter-regional trade and the role of rural market centres.
Settlements- Rural Settlement patterns; urban development in Indian and its problems, internal structure of Indian cities; town planning, slums nad urban housing; national urbanisation policy.
Regional Development and planning. Five-years plan; multilevel planning; state, district and block level planning regional disparities in development in India.
Political Aspects.- Political problem of India, state reorganisation; the international boundary of India and related issues; India and geopolitics of the Indian Ocean area.
Geography of Bihar under the following heads: – Physiographic divisions, soils, forests, climate, pattern of agriculture, problems of drought-prone and flood affected regions and their solution, chief mineral resources-iron ore, copper, bauxite mica and coal; principal industries-iron and steel, aluminium, cement, Sugar: principal industrial regions, problems of population in Bihar, problem of tribal population and their solution; pattern of urbanisation in Bihar.
BPSC Geography Optional Syllabus FAQ
Into how many sections BPSC Geography optional syllabus is divided?
BPSC Geography optional syllabus is divided into two sections namely Section-1 and Section-2.
What is BPSC History Optional Syllabus?
BPSC Geography Optional Syllabus is Physical Geography, Human Geography, Economic Geography and Geography of India.
Is Geography a good optional for BPSC?
Geography is a good optional for BPSC as in Geography you have to understand the concepts. Its syllabus is concise and portions of Geography optional syllabus overlaps with the General Studies paper of BPSC Mains. Geography optional materials and books are also available easily in the market.
What is the basic material to understand Geography from start?
The basic material from which you can study and understand Geography is NCERTs. NCERT Geography is considered as the base book for civil service preparation for Geography both in Mains and Prelims.